In Wisconsin, owners of wind farms over 50 megawatts (MW) contribute annually to a local relief fund that is shared with the local governments where the wind farm is located. Under the current revenue allocation formula, an eligible wind farm will contribute $2,333 per MW to the county and $1,667 per MW to the community(ies) where the project is located, for a total of $4,000 per MW per year. A 100 MW wind farm would contribute $400,000 per year to housing communities and counties. Wind farms operating today pay more than $2.7 million to local jurisdictions in Wisconsin each year. Current renewable energy incentives in Wisconsin can be found on the DSIRE website. No, a local government is not required to have a wind energy ordinance. A local government, as part of its licensing authority, can issue a wind order for projects under 100 MW, but it is not mandatory. The political subdivision has a legislated deadline for the consideration and adoption of a wind energy ordinance. If a wind farm developer has submitted an application to construct a wind project, a local government entity has 90 days from the date of the application to issue a wind energy order and an additional 90 days to review and approve the proposed project. Shadow flicker occurs when wind turbine blades cast shadows that move across the ground and nearby structures. People who experience shadow flicker for long periods of time will likely find this disturbing. However, shadow flickering is easy to model and can usually be avoided if the right location is chosen. Restricting operation during the time window in which this phenomenon occurs is a simple solution.
Alternative measures such as window coating and strategic tree planting are also helpful. The National Renewable Energy Laboratory`s Wind Prospector tool is a web-based geographic information system that supports resource assessment and data mining for wind development. Wind Prospector includes a data layer dedicated to the locations of U.S. wind turbine and component manufacturing facilities and supply chain. Head offices, service facilities, material suppliers, R&D and logistics centers, and small component manufacturers (e.g. screw manufacturers) are not included. The list of installations included does not purport to be exhaustive. Wis. Admin.
Code § PSC 128 sets out the formal process that all local governments must follow when reviewing permit applications for wind energy projects of less than 100 MW. The rule also sets standards that local governments can apply for the location of wind turbines, as well as for their construction and operation. Local authorities have the possibility, for example, to set withdrawal intervals that are less stringent than the basic standards of PSC 128. However, they may not prescribe stricter standards than those provided for in this rule. The Clean Grid Alliance is a non-profit organization with more than 40 members that include wind and solar developers and manufacturers. non-profit organizations for the environment, public interest and clean energy; tribal representatives; farmers` organizations; and other companies that support renewable energy in the Midwest. Federal, state, and local regulations govern many aspects of wind energy development. The nature of the project and its location will largely determine the level of regulation required. View the DSIRE database of federal and state renewable energy policies and incentives. The Wisconsin Office of Energy Innovation supports residents, businesses, and local governments looking to invest in clean energy and energy efficiency projects.
Wind projects pose different location problems than combustion power plants. Wind projects require larger onshore areas per megawatt of generation. The interaction of birds and bats with wind turbine blades and associated facilities is a well-documented impact issue. MNR fully supports the location, development and use of clean, renewable energy facilities based on sound science and in a sustainable manner for wildlife and other natural resources. For sound, the maximum thresholds that a local government can set are 50 decibels (dBA) during the day and 45 dBA at night. For shadow flicker, a local government may prohibit a large wind turbine from producing shadow flicker for more than 30 hours per year, and may require a wind turbine owner to mitigate shadow flicker that occurs more than 20 hours per year. Neighbours can waive these standards as part of a written contract. We invite the public to comment on our wind energy project guidelines. Comments can be sent to DNROEEAComments@wisconsin.gov. The two main drivers of wind energy growth are improved productivity and lower costs.
Compared to projects built 10 years ago, the electricity costs of a typical wind farm are 69% lower (Lazard, 2018). These trends are encouraging developers to locate new wind farms in Badger State and bring them closer to the markets served by Wisconsin electric utilities. In August 2022, Congress passed the Inflation Reduction Act (IRA), which extends the Production Tax Credit (PTC) and Investment Tax Credit (ITC) for wind projects through 2024. In addition, ERI adds increased loan amounts and additional tax incentives to the TPC and ITC for projects that meet certain requirements. In 2025, the existing TCO and JTI will move to technology-neutral versions, which will be phased out in 2032, or when total greenhouse gas emissions from the electricity sector fall to at least 75% below 2022 levels, whichever is later. Learn more about PTC and ITC. The DNR legally protects federally listed threatened or endangered species under Wisconsin`s Threatened and Endangered Species Act. We also have a responsibility to preserve and enhance the environment for other species and natural communities not covered by this law. Several species of birds and bats are currently on the state`s list of threatened or endangered species that could be affected by wind projects. We can work with developers to avoid any impact on these species or evaluate them as part of the approval process. We also work with the USFWS in the administration and enforcement of federal laws, including the federal Endangered Species Act and the Migratory Birds Contracts Act. Regulations on the location of wind turbines significantly hamper the development of wind farms in the state.
   Wind energy provides economic, environmental, and health benefits to Wisconsin and our citizens. We can generate wind power here in Wisconsin instead of sending money out of state to buy coal or natural gas. And wind energy has no air pollution or carbon emissions, which benefits both our environment and everyone`s health. Wind energy is a low-cost resource that can compete with any other form of new electricity generation. We support low-cost utility proposals to develop wind energy in Wisconsin and surrounding states that benefit Wisconsiners. The United States Wind Turbine Database (USWTDB) provides onshore and offshore wind turbine locations in the United States, related information on wind projects, and wind turbine technical specifications. The creation of this database was jointly funded by the U.S. Department of Energy Wind Energy Technologies Office through the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Electricity Markets and Policy Group, U.S. Geological Survey Energy Resources Program and the American Wind Energy Association. For more information on key federal incentives for wind energy development and investment, resources to finance wind energy, and opportunities to collaborate with the U.S. Department of Energy and other federal agencies to advance the U.S. wind industry, see Promoting U.S.
Wind Industry Growth: Federal Incentives, Financing, and Partnership Opportunities. The Clean Energy Group is a leading national not-for-profit organization working on innovative policies, technologies and financial programs in the areas of clean energy and climate change. The group`s projects focus on climate and clean energy issues at the federal, national and international levels, with input from government, private and not-for-profit stakeholders. The Clean Energy Group supports governments in creating and implementing innovative practices and public funding programs for the deployment of clean energy projects. creates U.S. networks and international decision-makers to address climate stabilization strategies; and promotes effective theories of distributed innovation, financing and commercialization tools for new climate technologies. Under the current rules, a local government can require that a large wind turbine be reset 1,250 feet from a neighbouring residence if that neighbour is not also a wind turbine host. These neighbors can forego the return distance. A local government can also set sound and shadow flicker standards up to the maximum levels set in PSC 128. There may be situations where meeting flicker or shadow sound standards results in a turbine being more than 1,250 feet from an adjacent residential building.