“Precast concrete assembly.” Any employee involved in the assembly of precast concrete elements (including, but not limited to, the assembly of wall panels, columns, beams and floor and roof “tees”) and related work such as pressing precast concrete elements that are 6 feet (1.8 m) or more above the lower levels must be protected from falls by guardrail systems. personal fall protection systems, unless another provision of point (b) of this Section provides for another fall protection measure. Exception: If the employer can demonstrate that the use of these systems is impracticable or poses greater danger, the employer must develop and implement a fall protection plan that meets the requirements of paragraph (k) of paragraph 1926.502. “Unprotected pages and edges. Every worker on a walking or work surface (horizontal and vertical) with an unprotected side or edge of 1.8 m (6 ft.) or more above a lower level must be protected against falls by a ramp, safety net or individual fall protection system. This section specifies the requirements for employers to provide fall protection systems. All fall protection systems required by this section shall conform to the criteria set out in section 1926.502 of this paragraph. Section 11.2 Obligation to Use Fall Protection Systems 11.2 1. Except as otherwise provided in this Regulation, the employer shall ensure that a fall-protection system is used when the work is performed in a place from which: (a) a fall of 3 m (10 feet) or more may occur; (b) where a fall from a height of less than 3 m presents a risk of injury; which is greater than the risk of injury resulting from impact on a flat surface. “Wall openings.” Any employee working on, on, above or near wall openings (including those with slides) where the outer lower edge of the wall opening is 6 feet (1.8 m) or more above the lower levels and the inner lower edge of the wall opening is less than 39 inches (1.0 m) above the walking or work surface must be protected against falls by means of a guardrails. a safety net or personal fall protection system.
Employers must arrange the workplace so that employees do not fall from suspended platforms, raised workstations or into holes in the floor and walls. OSHA requires fall protection to be provided at heights of four feet in general industry workplaces, five feet in shipyards, six feet in construction and eight feet in long shoring operations. In addition, OSHA requires fall protection to be provided when working on hazardous equipment and machinery, regardless of the drop distance. Section 14.1 Application 14.1 (1) This Part applies to every workplace where there is a risk that a worker, (a) falls to a vertical distance of 3 m or more; (b) a vertical distance of less than 3 metres where there is an increased risk of injury because of the surface or object on which the worker could land; (c) operate machinery or moving parts thereof; (d) in water or any other liquid; (e) in or on a hazardous substance or object; (f) through an opening on a work surface; or (g) a vertical distance of more than 1.2 m from an area used as a path for a wheelbarrow or similar equipment. Any worker at the edge of a construction pit at a depth of 6 feet (1.8 m) or more must be protected from falling by guardrails, fencing or barricades if excavations are not readily visible due to plant growth or other visual barriers; “Lifting areas.” Every worker in a lifting area must be protected against falling 6 feet (1.8 m) or more to lower levels by guardrail systems or individual fall protection systems. If guardrail systems [or chains, barriers or guardrails] or parts thereof are removed to facilitate the lifting process (e.g., during unloading of materials) and an employee must lean through the access opening or on the edge of the access opening (e.g. to pick up or guide equipment and materials), this employee must be protected against fall hazards by an individual fall protection system. Any employee who is more than 25 cm (10 inches) below the level of the walking or work surface on which he or she is working must be protected against falls by a guardrail, safety net or personal fall protection system. Any worker who is within 6 feet (1.8 m) above hazardous equipment must be protected against falls in or on hazardous equipment by guardrail systems or equipment guards. “Protection against falling objects.” If a worker is exposed to falling objects, the employer must require each worker to wear a hard hat and do one of the following: Safety Code for the Construction Industry Section 2.9.1 Safety measures 2.9.1.